1920s houses are works of art and a piece of Omaha history, fans say | Nebraska
When you buy a 1920s home, Realtor Jeff Rensch says, you’re taking ownership of a piece of Omaha history.
He calls them works of art.
“There is no way to replicate a 1920s home for practically any price,” he said. “They are not cookie-cutter homes. Every home you see is uniquely crafted.”
Their price tags reflect that, with most selling for hundreds of thousands of dollars. When built 100 years ago, they were a sign of the prosperous times.
Omaha was a vibrant community in the 1920s.
With new technologies, building techniques and construction materials, American architectural design came into its own in the 1920s. These Omaha beauties are monuments to the Art Deco and Revival styles.
A flurry of annexations in the 1910s increased the city’s footprint and population, she said. Benson, Dundee, Florence and South Omaha were all added to the city within a few years of each other.
“I would imagine that there was a good amount of construction that kind of ‘filled in’ the gaps between the neighborhoods that had formerly been separate municipalities,” Kammerer said. “The 1913 tornado had also wrought immense havoc on Omaha buildings and homes. Many required rebuilding in the years following.”
They didn’t call it the Roaring ’20s for nothing.
“There was a lot of money, a lot of wealth,” Rensch said. “They really spared no expenses in these homes.” The people who built them cared “way more about quality, artistry and craftsmanship than they did about trying to create a huge space. A lot of people are going back to that right now.”
The Craftsman period had mostly ended elsewhere in the United States by 1920, but in Omaha, you could find a few neighborhoods where that style of house was being built through the decade. The Minne Lusa historic district in North Omaha, developed by Charles Martin, is a mix of bungalows and Craftsman homes built primarily from 1915 to 1927.
But brick was the story of the 1920s.
Brick Tudor Revival homes were popular in the Ak-Sar-Ben and Country Club neighborhoods, dating to the 1920s.
A brick façade was more expensive than wood, but until the depression of the 1930s and the war effort of the 1940s, people could afford it. Brick had the benefit of wearing better than cedar siding and holding its value.
“Whenever I look at a house in Dundee, if it’s brick, you can bet it was built in the 1920s,” Realtor Peter Manhart said.
Brick Tudor Revivals were huge, especially in the Ak-Sar-Ben and Country Club neighborhoods. Developer Theodore Metcalfe attempted to stay with that style exclusively in Country Club, once a golf course.
Jim and Mary Powers are just the second owners of this home, which was built by the Kountze family.
The first house built in Happy Hollow north of Memorial Park was a brick Colonial Revival completed in1924. Owned by Mr. and Mrs. Denman Kountze Sr., the house at 57th and Webster Streets sat alone on the landscape when it was done.
“There were no trees,” said Kristine Gerber, past executive director of Restoration Exchange Omaha. “It’s just incredible to see it now.”
The Kountze family owned the house until 1992, when it was purchased by Jim and Mary Powers, who raised four children there and still own it.
“We fell in love with it the first time we saw it,” Jim Powers said. “I grew up in Dundee on Farnam Street, in an older home. The charm, the woodwork, four fireplaces, the brick — it was everything we were looking for.”
This fireplace is one of four in the home of Jim and Mary Powers.
The house once had a working Kernerator blast furnace, where residents could throw trash and incinerate it. Laundry chutes made it easy to stretch power and utilities throughout the house.
An addition in the 1930s helped grow the square footage to more than 5,000, and the couple opened up the kitchen further and added air conditioning. A maid’s room on the second floor was converted into a laundry room.
“We really like it,” Powers said. “Part of it is the neighborhood. We have great neighbors. It sits up high on one of the prettier streets in Omaha. Structurally, the house is as solid as a rock.”
Rensch said it’s a unique person who wants the history, the community, the walkability and the 100-year-old trees that come with a 1920s house. The majority were built east of 72nd Street, and owners can easily enjoy all the amenities to be found in midtown and downtown.
They’re fun to renovate and restore while keeping them in the pristine essence of the era, Rensch said. Many clients are purists who take great care to honor the home’s past.
“Each one kind of tells a story of some sort,” he said. “Each family has made their mark on them.”
25 OF LINCOLN’S GRANDEST OLD HOUSES
Murphy Sheldon house
The Murphy-Sheldon house, 2525 N St., was built about 1889. It is significant as one of the most ornate examples of the Queen Anne style in Lincoln, and one of the most intact, with its rare surviving features including its elaborate main porch, carriage porch, carriage house and interior elements.
The Hitchcock house, 2733 Sheridan Blvd., is a two-and-one-half story Colonial Revival style residence constructed in 1922. Local architect Jesse Boaz Miller designed this symmetrical, stucco house, which features a central block with a gabled roof and flat-roofed side wings. In addition, there is a matching carriage house and extensive early landscaping, including a large limestone “alcove.”
For 15 years, Fairview at 4900 Sumner St. was the Lincoln home of William Jennings Bryan, a nationally known political leader and orator. Bryan held lawn parties, public receptions and political rallies at Fairview. Designed by Lincoln architect Artemus Roberts and built in 1902-03, the house is a fine example of the Queen Anne style in transition and incorporates Neo-Classical Revival elements in its design.
Built in 1891 from a design by architect Ferdinand C. Fiske, the Yates House at 720 S. 16th St. is prominently located on a large corner lot in Lincoln. The house is a two-and-one-half story frame Late Victorian/Queen Anne residence with Eastlake design influence. The house retains a high degree of integrity in its elaborate detailing, massing and extensive ornate porches.
The Tyler house, 808 D St., was built in 1891 for William Tyler, who established the W.H. Tyler Stone Co. in Lincoln. Tyler built the dwelling as a showplace to demonstrate various residential uses of stone. James Tyler, a talented architect and brother of William, designed the brick and sandstone dwelling according to the formal characteristics of a typical Queen Anne dwelling, with Richardsonian Romanesque motifs.
This two-and-one-half-story asymmetrical frame house, 1130 Plum St., built in the Queen Anne style is located in Lincoln. Constructed in 1889-1890, it closely follows a published “pattern book” design. The house has a steeply pitched cross-gable roof with decorative shingling in each of the gable ends.
The Neo-Classical Revival style house, 5903 Walker, was built for Olive White, widow of C.C. White, owner of the Crete Mills from 1888 to 1895. Mr. White was a member of the Nebraska Wesleyan University’s Board of Trustees for many years and an avid supporter of the institution. After her husband’s death, Olive White moved to Lincoln, where she built the residence in 1910 near the Wesleyan University campus. Since 1926, the house has been used by the state of Nebraska as a home for children.
Beattie Miles house
The Beattie/Miles house, 6706 Colby St., is significant in the area of architecture as the finest extant example of a Queen Anne-style residence in the community that was known as Bethany Heights (now part of Lincoln). This house is also significant for its important association with the founding of Nebraska Christian University and settlement of Bethany Heights. The Beattie/Miles house is the last remaining building that was associated with the college and retains its historical integrity.
The Eddy-Taylor house, 435 N. 25th St., is a fine product of the Queen Anne style executed in brick. Constructed about 1891 by a local developer, Ambrose Eddy, the house was sold in 1902 to William George Langworthy Taylor, a distinguished member of the University of Nebraska faculty.
Built in 1909-11, the Ferguson house at 700 S. 16th St. is an excellent example of the Renaissance Revival style. It was designed by Cleveland architects Searles, Hirsh and Gavin. William Henry Ferguson was a Lincoln capitalist and entrepreneur, probably best known as a successful grain merchant.
The Frank and Emma Gillen house, 2245 A St., is a two-and-one-half story, period revival-style single-family residence in Lincoln. The brick- and stucco-veneered house was originally constructed in 1903-04, then substantially remodeled to its present appearance in 1918-19. A garage was constructed as part of the 1918-19 remodeling. The interior and exterior of the house remain almost entirely intact.
Guy A. Brown house
Constructed in 1874, the Guy Brown house at 219-221 South 27th St. is a two-story vernacular wood frame residence. It stands as a rare remnant of Lincoln’s original residential development and is one of the first-generation homes in the city. It is an illuminating example of Italianate house design with considerable historic integrity. The house was converted into a duplex in the 1930s. The modifications of the 1930s are significant in their own right, without obscuring the original design.
The house, 1630 K St., is a fine example of the Neo-Classical Revival style. The large frame dwelling was built in 1901-3 for Sarah F. Harris, widow of George Harris, who served as a land commissioner for the Burlington and Missouri Railroad. He was responsible for inducing immigrants to purchase land along the Burlington Railroad in Nebraska. John F. Harris, a son, donated the land that became Pioneers Park in honor of his parents in 1928.
The Italianate brick house, 1627 H St., was built in 1869 as the residence of Secretary of State Thomas P. Kennard, one of three commissioners who selected Lincoln as the state capital. In 1965, the state Legislature designated the Kennard House, located in Lincoln, as the Nebraska Statehood Memorial and directed the Nebraska State Historical Society to restore it.
The Kiesselbach House at 3232 Holdrege St., constructed in Lincoln in 1913, is significant for its association with Theodore Alexander Kiesselbach, a pioneering Nebraska researcher in corn and other crops. Among other accomplishments, he developed the corn hybrids that significantly increased farm production and income throughout the state. No other historic property is as clearly or closely associated with Kiesselbach and his research.
The Lewis-Syford house, 700 N. 16th St., was built sometime around 1878 during the apex of the Second Empire style and conveys architectural significance. The house is an excellent example of the Late Victorian period style, particularly for Lincoln, where the style is extremely rare. The Lewis-Syford house conforms to the strictures of the Second Empire style completely. It features a concave mansard roof punctuated by elaborate dormers with a miniature pediment. The windows on the first floor are all tall, narrow windows that are double hung. Two different scales of brackets are located under the narrow eave of the mansard roof. The building is elaborated upon with details of the romantic period, such as iron cresting and scrolled woodwork on the porches. Canted and projecting bays break up the flat planes of the surfaces of the facades.
The R.O. Phillips House at 1845 D St., built in 1889-1890, is one of Nebraska’s finest examples of the Richardson Romanesque architectural style. This style is characterized by heavy stone massing, an asymmetrical façade, irregular roof lines that commonly include a tower and arches springing from heavy piers. All are displayed prominently on the R.O. Phillips house. The interior is finished in wood or ceramic tile in various Victorian motifs and includes fifteen fireplaces.
Constructed in the late 1880s, the Royer-Williams House at 407 N. 26th St. is a fine product of the Queen Anne style. The frame dwelling was originally built by Henry Royer, a carpenter, and later used as a residence by Hattie Plum Williams, a University of Nebraska scholar whose pioneering work in ethnic studies related to the Germans from Russia.
The house at 1835 Ryons, built in 1908, is important as the residence of Hartley Burr Alexander, philosophy professor of the University of Nebraska. Alexander’s contributions in the fields of philosophy, architecture and anthropology are nationally and internationally recognized, while his contributions in literature and the performing arts were widely acclaimed. The builder of the house, William B. Ryons, was a longtime vice president of the First National Bank in Lincoln and son of Irish-born Joseph L. Ryons, for whom Lincoln’s Ryons Addition and Ryons Street were named.
The Frank M. Spalding House, 2221 Sheridan Blvd., is a two-and-one-half story Mission Style residence in Lincoln. It was constructed in 1908-10 as the first residence in the Sheridan Place addition. The house is an important work of master architect Ferdinand C. Fiske and is the best representative example of Mission Style architecture in the city. It retains lavish original interior finishes in wood and tile, and its exterior stone construction is very distinctive.
The John M. Thayer house, 1901 Prospect St., was constructed about 1887. The two-and-one-half story Queen Anne style residence was built for Nebraska Gov. John Thayer. Except for the years 1893-1897, Thayer resided in the house from 1889 until his death in 1906.
The Watkins house at 920 D St., built in 1887, is significant as the residence of Albert Watkins, an early Nebraska historian who wrote and edited one of the first scholarly histories of the state. He occupied the house for the final 36 of his 41 years in Lincoln. No other property exists that was as directly associated with Watkins, especially during the entire span during which he produced the Illustrated History of Nebraska. Furthermore, no other property as clearly associated with an early historian of Nebraska appears to exist.
The Frank and Nelle Woods House, constructed in 1915-16 at 2501 Sheridan Blvd., is a uniquely large and well-preserved example of the Italian Renaissance Revival style in Lincoln. Designed by Chicago architect Paul V. Hyland, the house is situated on a very large urban lot, the most prominent setting in the innovative Woodscrest Addition. It retains a high degree of interior and exterior integrity, as well as significant features of its designed landscape.
The Yost House, 1900 S. 25th St., was built in 1912. The two-and-one-half-story Italian Renaissance Revival-style residence is constructed of red brick and features a red tile hipped roof with broad eaves and heavy brackets.
The house at 2030 Euclid, built in 1909-10 for Arthur C. Ziemer, is an excellent example of the Shingle style. The dwelling’s romantic external appearance provides a striking contrast with the use of almost totally classical motifs for the interior. Ziemer was an early resident of Lincoln, working briefly as an interior designer and later becoming a practitioner of Christian Science.